What is Internet of Things (IOT)?

The Internet of Things or IoT is a term that tech companies and computer whizzes have been discussing for decades. In its simplest form, IoT is about connecting devices over the internet, allowing them to communicate with us, each other and various applications.  In 2013, the Global Standards Initiative on Internet of Things defined IoT as “the infrastructure of the information society.” The IoT allows objects to be sensed or controlled remotely across this network.  An example of this would be when you receive messages on your smart phone from a Fitbit watch which then transmits your fitness data in visible charts. However, it is more than just smart products like this- whole smart cities could be designed to monitor traffic and utility usage for example. In agriculture, IoT can be used to monitor crop growth to improve productivity. Ultimately, there are economic benefits. It creates opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world with computer-based systems, increasing efficiency and accuracy whilst reducing human intervention. Typically, IoT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices and systems. With the expansion of connected “Things” and the amount of data being collected, IoT is expected to generate an increased need to process and analyse the data on smart platforms. As of 2016, IoT has evolved due to the convergence of technologies including real-time analytics, machine learning, commodity sensors and wireless connection.